In general, there are four types of communication. On one extreme there is passive communication. Passive people may sit quietly and even nod when they disagree with what is being said. Passive communicators generally do not get their needs met. The opposite extreme is aggressive communication, which may include swearing, aggressive body language (getting in someone's face) and could escalate to physical violence. Aggressive communicators are use to getting what they want through bullying others. Sometimes it is possible for someone to both passive and aggressive at the same time. This is called passive-aggressive. The communicators may agree with you to your face but gossip about you later. Passive-aggressive communication is the most difficult form of communication to deal with. Finally, in between passive and aggressive on the spectrum of communication there is assertive. Assertive people manage to get their own needs met while respecting the boundaries and autonomy of others. Assertiveness is the only recommended form of communication but it can be hard to get quite right when you first start practicing. The first tip for assertiveness is to use "I statements". These statements make communication less accusatory and can be more easily heard by others. The second tip is to focus on your feelings because feelings can never wrong. Unlike facts, they cannot be argued with. They exist in your experience and expressing them can help take weight of your shoulders but also help others understand you and your perspective. The best question to ask yourself about your communication style is whether or not it is effective. Most people resort to name calling, swearing and aggressive gesturing in order to be heard, but it actually has the opposite effect. People stop listening when they feel threatened. Most communication is actually body language, which makes your overall demeanor very important. Tone of voice is also important. The actual words you use represent less than 10% of overall communication. This is why it is so easy to miscommunicate in texts and emails. The number one way to make sure you are heard by others is to listen to them.
THE LOVE MAPS 20 QUESTIONS GAME
Now that you understand the importance of building Love Maps and have assessed the quality of you and your partner’s current Love Maps, play a fun, light-hearted game with your partner. The more you play, the more you’ll learn about the Love Maps concept and how to apply it to your relationship. Each of you should ask your partner the questions below. If your spouse answers correctly (you be the judge), he or she receives a point. If your partner responds incorrectly, neither of you receives any points. The same rules apply when you answer. The winner is the person with the higher score after you’ve both answer all twenty questions.
1. Name two of my closest friends
2. What is my favorite musical group, composer, or instrument?
3. What was I wearing when we first met?
4. Name one of my hobbies.
5. Where was I born?
6. What stresses am I facing right now?
7. Describe in detail what I did today, or yesterday.
8. When is my birthday?
9. What is the date of our anniversary?
10. Who is my favorite relative?
11. What is my fondest unrealized dream?
12. What is my favorite website?
13. What is one of my greatest fears or disaster scenarios?
14. What kind of present would I like best?
15. What makes me feel most competent?
16. What was my favorite vacation?
17. What is my favorite meal?
18. What is my favorite way to spend an evening?
19. What is my favorite color?
20. What personal improvements do I want to the least?
* From Gottman
“Hope is being able to see that there is light despite all of the darkness.”
– Desmond Tutu
Hope is the belief that things will be better than they are right now. This could be a belief that you will be less depressed, free from porn or that your relationship will improve. Hope is vital to making any real progress in therapy. As a therapist, I hold hope for people who cannot do it for themselves. The lack of hope is soul crushing and it can steal your joy or drive you to end it all. I encourage clients to begin each session by answering the question "what's better this week?" It is so easy to focus on the problem, after all, the problem is why people come to therapy. Things get better a little at a time and sometimes it takes work to really notice a change. Statistically, clients make some of their best progress in treatment before they ever meet the therapist. This is because they have newfound hope that things will be better tomorrow than they are today. So where ever you are in your journey, look to the progress you have already made and try to build on it and when you find yourself with no hope then look to a friend, a family member or a therapist to hold that hope for you until you can see it for yourself.
Setting intentions is a concept used often in therapy and in meditation. By focusing on your preferred intention you can roll the ball in the right direction and this can really help you survive the moment and take a step toward being the person you have always wanted to be. To do this, you simply need to complete the sentence I INTEND TO _________. Intentions should be positive and exist in the moment. Something you plan to do or even be today or this week. The best way to use intentions is to incorporate them into what you are already doing. This could be journaling, prayer, meditation and mindfulness. One of the most useful outcomes in using intentions is that you are finally aware of these positive qualities that are already in your life and you can move toward expanding them. The best intentions are specific to you and may take some thought and practice to use. In the mean time, here are some intentions that have helped other clients:
Keeping a mood journal
For many people struggling with depression and bipolar disorder it can be difficult to know if things are getting better or worse. We all have bad days and it is easy to have a bad day and think that depression is getting worse. However, the best way to know if your symptoms are worsening is to keep a mood journal. This can be as simple as keeping a written record of your mood each day. Most mood trackers or journals also document triggers or things that happen that make us feel a certain way. They can also track changes in medication, exercise and substance use. One of the biggest problems with being depressed for long periods of time is that you can lose your baseline. This means that you no longer realize the magnitude of your depression. Keeping a mood journal can help you analyze trends in your mood and better understand the severity of your illness. Mood journals come in many forms and may favorite type of journal is an app. The app Mood Notes gives people the ability to track daily mood and circumstances as well as well as analyzing faulty thinking that may be worsening your mood. Another great mood app is called Dailyo and is similar to Mood Notes. Reviews for both Mood Notes and Dailyo are included at the end of this blog post. Some people still prefer to use pencil and paper when it comes to tracking mood. Here is a mood chart that I recommend for clients.
Sometimes help comes too late
No one really wants to talk about it, but suicide is the number 2 cause of death for individuals between 10-34 years old, and it remains common for older adults as well. Suicide does not just impact the individual and it sends out shock waves through families and our community. Contrary to popular belief, there are usually signs when it comes to suicide. Suicidal individuals may make comments or gestures about what they plan to do. They do this because some part of them wants help. For those of us who encounter these comments and gestures we should watch for these warning signs:
The best thing that you can do if you see these signs in friends and loved ones is to start the conversation. Do not wait for them to bring up suicide or depression. Some people openly express this but not everyone does. If you find out that someone is suicidal please act quickly. If you know that someone is about to end their life you may decide to call 911 and express your concerns. There are also crisis centers that you could take this person. In the Palm Desert area one location is RI International (442) 268-7000. There are also 24 hour hotlines for Suicide like the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at (800) 273-8255. The most important thing you can do for a suicidal friend or family member is to listen and ask questions.
Is it me or the sin within me?
What is it?
In an emotionally intimate relationship, powerful attachments and bonds are shaped. Not only does the bond let us know that we are understood, unconditionally accepted, and appreciated, it tells us we are safe. Betrayal by an intimate partner shatters these core human needs and desires. It pulls apart the core assumptions upon which all enduring relationships must rest.
Why does it hurt so much?
Betrayal by people you care about hurts because it destroys your self-esteem. If you are to get over this pain, which may be extremely difficult, it may require readjusting your values.
It might be necessary to begin to reassess who you thought their life partner was and what you thought "was unique" about your life and your marriage/relationship. The betrayed partner will look at how they learned to trust and then interpret what this betrayal means about them and their attractiveness and worthiness. Finally, they can start to imagine what their life might be like in the future considering the dramatic and traumatic events that have occurred.
Can you heal from betrayal from an intimate partner? For healing to take place, the betrayed partner needs, from the person who has broken their trust, to feel heard, understand, and reassured. It requires tangible evidence that you are faithful and working on recovery. You are accessible, open, and actively engaged in the relationship. If you struggle to show empathy to your partner and their needs, then reach out to your therapist for help. Find a clinician who specializes in Partner Betrayal Trauma to help educate you.
Symptoms of Intimate Partner Betrayal Trauma
· Feeling overwhelmed.
· Withdrawal & isolation.
· Difficulty concentrating.
· Difficulty regulating intense emotions.
6 Ways to Heal Betrayal Trauma
1. Do not blindly blame yourself.
2. It's okay to look back on the relationship to find things you would have done differently.
3. Avoid rebound relationships.
4. Seek out success.
5. Take care of your physical health.
6. Think about keeping a daily journal.
When clients come into my office struggling with anxiety symptoms, including panic attacks, I ask them what they do to manage them. Many say they don't know what they do; they simply suffer through the discomfort of the physical and emotional symptoms. Before we begin to explore the reasons behind anxiety, I want to teach clients to use available resources and coping skills, even while we are discovering the roots of these symptoms.
These include breathing exercises for calming, grounding techniques, exercise, and mindfulness techniques. Here's a grounding exercise you can do to distract yourself from the unpleasant feelings of anxiety quickly: How to do it using your five senses?
Look: look around the room and see five things and say them out loud. You might say, "I see a TV, a plant, a bowl, a photo, and a lamp. Feel: Pay attention to your body, then think of four things to feel and say them out loud. For example, you might say, I feel a rug under my feet, I feel the wall's texture, I feel the smoothness of a table, I feel the softness of a pillow. Listen: Listen for three sounds. Maybe you hear a fan blowing, a car horn outside, a bird chirping in a tree. Smell: Say out loud two things you smell. You might move around the room, and notice coffee brewing, or grass being mowed outside a window. If you can't move around, just say two of your favorite smells. Taste: Find one thing that you can taste. Maybe it's the orange juice you poured for breakfast. If you can't taste something, say your favorite thing to taste.